Biggest flower on the planet! The flower arises from an underground tuber which can grow to 90kg! It takes several years to get to flowering size.
Amorphophallus titanum, also known as the titan arum, is a flowering plant with the largest unbranched inflorescence in the world.
Due to its odor, which is like the smell of a rotting corpse or carcass, the titan arum is characterized as a carrion flower, and is also known as the corpse flower, or corpse plant. For the same reason, the title corpse flower is also attributed to the genus Rafflesia.
Welwitschia Mirabilis grows in dry areas on the small coastal and coastal area of Angola and Namibia, in the desert of Namib.
The genus was named after the Austrian botanist Friedrich Welwitsch. The plant consists of roots, low stems and two permanent leathery leaves that grow as they grow along the ground and over time tear to the narrow strips.
The largest specimen was recorded in the Messum mountains 1.8 meters high and the other at Welwitschia Flats near the Swakop River, 1.2 meters high and 8.7 meters wide. Plant life is between 400 and 1,500 years.
Dionaea muscipula is the world’s most famous carnivorous herb, it grows in wetlands where the presence of water is constant, and due to the lack of high vegetation, there is always a lot of direct sunlight.
In winter, temperatures are lowered near zero, but rarely when the temperature drops below zero. Since winter in nature there are not as many insects as they have in the summer Dionaea in winter slows down its growth, and mainly produces leaves that grow along the ground. The speed with which the trap is closed in case of stimulation is very slow and the plant requires less water during the cold period.
Dracaena cinnabari is a dragon tree native to the Socotra archipelago in the Indian Ocean.
It is fairly widespread, but has a fragmented distribution with different subpopulations showing varying degrees of vigour.
The monsoon season brings areas cloud, drizzle and sea mists – and the dragon trees’ leaves intercept this airborne moisture, channelling it towards root systems shaded by a dense, umbrella-shaped canopy. The dragon tree’s strange looks and ancient age belie a species expertly adapted to its environment.
The island of Socotra’s 34-million-year separation from mainland Arabia has given rise to a unique flora – 37% of its plant species are found nowhere else.
The tree is perhaps best known for the red resin it is named after.
Euphorbia obesa can grow to 20 cm in height with a diameter of 9 cm. It is a single-stemmed, unbranched, firm-bodied plant. Younger plants have a rounded sea urchin-like shape. The rotund stem is mottled grey-green in colour with dull purple transverse bands. It has a tapering tap root. The leaves are very rudimentary and soon drop off.
Hydnellum peckii is an inedible (though not toxic) fungus. Scientifically known as hydnellum peckii, the young bleeding tooth fungus’s thick red fluid oozes through its tiny pores, creating the appearance of blood. Europe Hydnellum peckii is a mycorrhizal species, and forms mutually beneficial relationships with a variety of coniferous trees, growing on the ground singly, scattered, or in fused masses.
Lithops (live rock, stone flower) is a native plant that grows in South and Southwest Africa. They are often called stone plants. Dwarf growing and breeders are happy to collect them in collections.
The body of this plant resembles a stone. It consists of two leaves folded one over the other, opening at the moment of flashing to miss the long bud at which a yellow or white flower opens. Live rock grows in stony areas and is harder to spot.
Pitcher plants are several different carnivorous plants which have modified leaves known adapted for trapping insects. The traps of what are considered to be “true” pitcher plants are created from modified leaves.
Each leaf forms a “pitcher,” a somewhat trumpet-shaped enclosure, usually containing a liquid.
An insect that enters, lured by nectar and sometimes by brilliant coloration, is prevented from retreating by deflexed bristles and ultimately is drowned in the fluid.
The trapped insects are apparently digested by plant enzymes and perhaps by bacteria present in the collected rainwater solution.
Rafflesia arnoldii, commonly called the corpse lily, is a species of flowering plant in the parasitic genus Rafflesia. It is noted for producing the largest individual flower on Earth.
It has a very strong and unpleasant odour of decaying flesh, earning it the nickname “corpse flower”. It is endemic to the rainforests of Sumatra and possibly Borneo.
It was officially recognized as a national “rare flower”.
Selaginella lepidophylla is a species of desert plant in the spikemoss family noted for its ability to survive almost complete desiccation. During dry weather in its native habitat, its stems curl into a tight ball and uncurl only when exposed to moisture.
The outer stems of Selaginella lepidophylla bend into circular rings in a relatively short period of desiccation, whereas inner stems curl slowly into spirals due to the hydro-actuated strain gradient along their length.