Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Its capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver.
It has ten provinces and three territories that cover 9.98 million square kilometers, making it the second largest country in the total area.
The southern border of Canada with the United States is the longest two-year land border in the world.
Canada is sparsely populated, with 82 percent of the 35.15 million people concentrated in large and medium-sized cities and most of its land territory is dominated by forest and tundra and the Rocky Mountains.
Canada’s climate varies widely across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather to the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons.
Canada is a federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The country is officially bilingual at the federal level. It is one of the most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations in the world, a product of large-scale immigration from many other countries.
Despite Canada’s great size, it is one of the world’s most sparsely populated countries. This fact, coupled with the grandeur of the landscape, has been central to the sense of Canadian national identity. Although Canadians are comparatively few in number, however, they have crafted what many observers consider to be a model multicultural society, welcoming immigrant populations from every other continent.
Canada’s long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture.
Canada is a developed country and has the fifteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally, as well as the 10th highest ranking in the Human Development Index. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education.
In addition, Canada harbours and exports a wealth of natural resources and intellectual capital equaled by few other countries, is a land of vast distances and rich natural beauty.
Economically and technologically, and in many other ways she closely resembles her neighbour to the south, the United States, although there are significant differences between the two countries.
Much of Canada’s current built environment and influence has come primarily from immigrants from two European nations, Britain and France.
Though a medium-sized country by its population (35 million), Canada has earned respect on the international stage for its strong diplomatic skills, peacekeeping efforts, and respect for human rights.
Canadians generally enjoy a very high quality of life – Canada consistently scores very well on indices of economic freedom, corruption, respect for civil rights, and more.
Domestically, the country has displayed some success in negotiating compromises amongst its own culturally and linguistically varied populations, a difficult task considering that language, culture, and even history can vary significantly throughout the whole country.
There are many different minorities from all over the world living in Canada, particularly in urban centres.
Canadians are, for the most part, used to living and interacting with people of different ethnic backgrounds on a daily basis and will usually be quite friendly and understanding if approached in public.