Caspian Sea – 371,000 Square Kilometers
The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world’s largest lake or a full-fledged sea, located between Europe and Asia.
The elongated sea sprawls for 1,030 kilometers (640 miles) from north to south, although its average width is only 320 kilometers (200 miles); max. width is 435 kilometers (270 miles).
It is often listed as the world’s largest lake, though it is not a freshwater one. The Caspian Sea is bordered by five countries, Iran, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, and Kazakhstan. Three major rivers—the Volga, Ural, and Terek—and numerous smaller rivers flow into the Caspian.
Lake Superior – 82,414 Square Kilometers
Lake Superior is most northwesterly and largest of the five Great Lakes of North America and one of the world’s largest bodies of fresh water. The lake is shared by the Canadian province of Ontario to the north, the U.S. state of Minnesota to the west, and Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan to the south. It is the world’s third-largest freshwater lake by volume and the largest by volume in North America.
It has a mean surface elevation of 600 ft (180 m) above sea level and a maximum depth of 1,332 ft (406 m). The lake’s drainage basin is 49,300 sq mi (127,700 sq km), exclusive of its surface area of 31,700 sq mi (82,100 sq km). Lake Superior receives water from approximately 200 rivers.
It is generally considered the largest freshwater lake in the world by surface area. The furthest north and west of the Great Lakes chain, Superior has the highest elevation.
Lake Victoria – 69,485 Square Kilometers
The largest Lake in Africa, Lake Victoria’s the vast lake is famous as the source of the River Nile, for its lengthy history with colonial explorers and for its excellent fishing. The lake was named after Queen Victoria.
With a surface area of approximately 68,800 square kilometres (26,600 sq mi), Lake Victoria is Africa’s largest lake by area, the world’s largest tropical lake, and the world’s second largest fresh water lake by surface area, after Lake Superior in North America.
Lake Victoria occupies a shallow depression in Africa. The lake has a maximum depth of 84 metres (276 ft) and an average depth of 40 metres (130 ft). Its catchment area covers 184,000 square kilometres (71,000 sq mi). The lake has a shoreline of 7,142 kilometres.
Lake Victoria receives its water primarily from direct rainfall and thousands of small streams. The Kagera River is the largest river flowing into this lake. Lake Victoria is drained solely by the Nile River near Jinja, Uganda.
Visiting Lake Victoria from the Tanzanian side is far from the usual tourist track and affords a unique insight into a remote and lesser explored wilderness area, home to immense scenery and incredible wildlife.
Lake Huron – 59,596 Square Kilometers
Lake Huron is the Great Lake that forms Michigan’s mitten shape right next to Canada. It also has the longest shoreline of the Great Lakes. It is shared on the east by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the west by the state of Michigan in the United States.
It is the second largest by surface area making it the third-largest fresh water lake on Earth and the fourth-largest lake.
The lake’s surface area is 23,000 square miles (59,600 square kilometers) and its volume is 850 cubic miles (3,540 cubic km). The shoreline is 3,827 miles (6,157 km), taking into account its many islands.
The surface of Lake Huron is 176 meters (577 feet) above sea level.
The lake’s average depth is 59 meters (195 feet), while the maximum depth is 229 meters (750 feet).
It has a length of 332 kilometers (206 miles) and a greatest breadth of 295 kilometers (183 miles).
Lake Michigan – 58,016 Square Kilometers
Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America and the only one located entirely within the United States. It is the second-largest of the Great Lakes by volume and the third-largest by surface area, after Lake Superior and Lake Huron.
Lake Michigan is the only one of the five Great Lakes that is entirely sheltered by the United States.
Lake Michigan’s water surface is 22,300 square miles (57,800 square kilometers).
Michigan’s western Great Lakes region benefits from the “lake effect” caused by the large body of its namesake water, which creates a favorable environment for growing a wealth of agricultural products. The state is a leader in many crops including blueberries, cherries, asparagus, and grapes for juice and wine: orchards and vineyards are especially successful along Lake Michigan.
One additional benefit shared all along the state’s western beaches memorable sunsets that drop into the Great Lake Michigan.
Lake Tanganyika – 32,893 Square Kilometers
Lake Tanganyika is an African Great Lake. It is the second oldest freshwater lake in the world, the second largest by volume, and the second deepest, in all cases after Lake Baikal in Siberia. It is the world’s longest freshwater lake, and the longest of any kind. The lake is divided among four countries – Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, and Zambia. The water flows into the Congo River system and ultimately into the Atlantic Ocean.
The lake covers 32,900 km², with a shoreline of 1,828 km and a mean depth of 570 m and a maximum depth of 1,470 m (4,823 ft). It holds an estimated 18,900 km³ (4500 cubic miles).
The clear waters host more than 350 different species of fish and is well known for aquarium fish exports and excellent angling.
Lake Baikal – 31,500 Square Kilometers
Lake Baikal is a rift lake in Russia, llocated in the southern part of eastern Siberia within the republic of Buryatia and Irkutsk oblast (province) of Russia.
It is the oldest existing freshwater lake on Earth 20 million–25 million years old.
Along with being the 7th largest lake in the world, with a total surface area of 31,500 km², it also the world’s largest lake by volume, and the world’s deepest lake.
Its area is some 12,200 square miles (31,500 square km), with a length of 395 miles (636 km) and an average width of 30 miles (48 km). It is also the world’s largest freshwater lake by volume, containing about one-fifth of the fresh water on Earth’s surface, some 5,500 cubic miles (23,000 cubic km).
Into Lake Baikal flow more than 330 rivers and streams.
Great Bear Lake – 31,080 Square Kilometers
The Great Bear Lake is the largest lake entirely in Canada , the fourth largest in North America, and the eighth largest in the world.
The name originated from the words “Satudene” in Denesuline meaning “grizzly bear water people.”
It is 320 km long, and up to 175 km wide. The deepest point of this glacial lake is 446 m, with an average depth of 71.7 m.
The lake has 26 islands within it that cover a combined area of 759.3 km².
Great Bear’s Primary outflow is the Great Bear River. The surface area of the lake is at a height of 186 m above sea level, and it’s known for unbearably cold temperature drops in the winter months.
Water flows out of the lake into the Great Bear River, then into the Mackenzie River. Other rivers connected to the lake include the Dease, Camsell and Johnny Hoe.
Lake Malawi – 30,044 Square Kilometers
Lake Malawi is an African Great Lake and the southernmost lake in the East African Rift system, located between Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania. It is third largest and second deepest lake in Africa.
That is 9th largest lake in the world with a total surface area of 30,044 square kilometers.
With its deepest point reaching down 706 m, Lake Malawi has a length of 579 km and an average depth of 292 m.
Formed at a height of about 500 meters above sea level owing to the separation of tectonic plates, this meromictic lake (a lake with surface and deep-water layers that don’t intermix) is famous for being the lake that hosts the highest number of species of fish in the world.
Great Slave Lake – 28,930 Square Kilometers
Great Slave Lake is located in the Northwest Territories. It is the second largest lake in Canada, the fifth largest in North America, and the tenth largest in the world.
The lake is 480 km long, ranges from 19 to 109 km wide, and covers a surface-area of 28,930 square kilometers. The Hay River is the Primary inflow, while the main outflow is the Mackenzie River. Situated far north at a surface elevation of at around 156 meters, the Great Slave Lake’s surface is frozen through much of the year.
List of the World’s Largest Lakes by Land Area:
- Caspian Sea – 371000 km
- Lake Superior – 82,414 km
- Lake Victoria – 69,485 km
- Lake Huron – 59,596 km
- Lake Michigan – 58,016 km
- Lake Tanganyika – 32,893 km
- Lake Baikal – 31,500 km
- Great Bear Lake – 31,080 km
- Lake Malawi – 30,044 km
- Great Slave Lake – 28,930 km
- Erie (Canada, United States) – 25,744 km
- Winnipeg (Canada) – 24,514 km
- Ontario Canada (United States) – 18,960 km
- Ladoga (Russia) – 17,700 km
- Balkhash (Kazakhstan) – 16,996 km
- Vostok (Antarctica) – 15,690 km
- Onega (Russia) – 9,700 km
- Titicaca (Bolivia, Peru) – 8,372 km
- Nicaragua (Nicaragua) – 8,264 km
- Athabasca (Canada) – 7,850 km
- Turkana (Ethiopia, Kenya) – 6,405 km
- Reindeer Lake (Canada) – 6,500 km
- Issyk-Kul (Kyrgyzstan) – 6,236 km
- Urmia (Iran) – 5,200 km
- Vanern (Sweden) – 5,650 km
- Winnipegosis (Canada) – 5,370 km
- Albert (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda) – 5,299 km
- Mweru (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia) – 5,120 km
- Nettilling (Canada) – 5,066 km
- Sarygamysh (Turkmenistan, Uzebkistan) – 5,000 km